Elaine Turner, Petr Neruda

From the Hunt to the Cave

Neanderthal Subsistence at Kůlna Cave during the Middle Palaeolithic Taubachian Phase: Analyses of the Faunal Remains from Level 11

Kůlna is one of the largest cave sites in eastern Europe and contains evidence of repeated occupations by Neanderthals and modern humans. The current analysis of faunal remains from one of the Middle Palaeolithic levels, the Taubachian (Level 11), presents a detailed insight into Neanderthal subsistence at Kůlna during the Eemian Interglacial and at the onset of the following glaciation. Due to the ideal location of the site on the boundary of a deep valley and uplands, Neanderthals were able to exploit fully a variety of local and regional habitats for game. Traces of butchery were recorded mainly on bones of horse, large bovines, red deer and giant deer, but also on remains of mammoth, woolly rhinoceros, reindeer, ibex/chamois, bear, beaver and roe deer. The fauna from Level 11 fits into a scenario of flexible Neanderthal hunting, in which groups of animals (horses, large bovines) would have been taken during [...]

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Reihe:
Bandnummer: 4

1. Auflage 2024, 170 Seiten, 21 x 30 cm, fadengeheftet,

Erscheinungstermin: 15. August 2024
ISBN: 9783884673683
Artikelnummer: 9783884673683 Kategorie: Schlagwörter: , , , ,

Kůlna is one of the largest cave sites in eastern Europe and contains evidence of repeated occupations by Neanderthals and modern humans. The current analysis of faunal remains from one of the Middle Palaeolithic levels, the Taubachian (Level 11), presents a detailed insight into Neanderthal subsistence at Kůlna during the Eemian Interglacial and at the onset of the following glaciation. Due to the ideal location of the site on the boundary of a deep valley and uplands, Neanderthals were able to exploit fully a variety of local and regional habitats for game. Traces of butchery were recorded mainly on bones of horse, large bovines, red deer and giant deer, but also on remains of mammoth, woolly rhinoceros, reindeer, ibex/chamois, bear, beaver and roe deer. The fauna from Level 11 fits into a scenario of flexible Neanderthal hunting, in which groups of animals (horses, large bovines) would have been taken during communal hunts and the killing of other species (bear) would have necessitated different tactics, possibly the construction of traps (beaver). Important in the faunal assemblage is the presence of many retouchers and a few formal tools made of hard animal materials, demonstrating the close connection between the processing of animal carcasses for food and the use, manufacture and maintenance of lithic tools.

Elaine Turner, Petr Neruda

Reihe: (ABAJC71)
Bandnummer: 4
Warengruppe: 1552
Sprache: Englisch
Auflage: 1 2024
Medium: Hardcover
Einbandart: fadengeheftet
Seitenzahl: 170
Format: 21 x 30 cm
Gewicht: 1 g
Erscheinungsdatum: 15. August 2024
ISBN: 9783884673683
Verlag: LEIZA Verlag

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